Natura 2000 Network Imapct Assessment Go Back

Natura 2000 network impact assessment is evaluating impacts of plans and projects to the species and areas specified in the Natura 2000 Birds Directive and Habitat Directive. Principles for Natura assessment are presented in the Habitat Directives´ (92/43/EC) article 6, sections (3) and (4).

In Estonia Natura 2000 assessment is carried out according to Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Management System Act, which states that it should be done in the SEA/EIA report compiling stage.

The scope of the Natura assessment is very narrow and only impacts to the objectives of protection should be assessed. As a result of the Natura assessment, it should be clear to the decision maker, that Natura 2000 areas or network integrity are not harmed with the given permit or accepted plan. Natura 2000 assessment should always be carried out if it is not possible to rule out(based on objective information) a chance of harm to the Natura protection objectives.

It is necessary to include two types of experts to the Natura 2000 assessment process: ones who know the Natura 2000 network impact assessment rules and others who are experts on different species and habitats and can evaluate the impacts of planned activities to them.

Hendrikson & Ko has a botanist and a zoologist in the collective, who are assessing and predicting the impacts to the protected species and habitats.

We are offering complete Natura 2000 impact assessment service or we can participate in specific stages of the process.

Natura preliminary assessment (as individual process or part of SEA/EIA preliminary assessment)

Natura preliminary assessment (screening) is a procedure, which helps to determine the possibility of impacts to the species and habitats in Natura 2000 network areas caused by the planned development or strategic plan. The goal of the Natura preliminary assessment is to determine the possible impacts of a plan or a project to the area and assess if the impact is significant or cannot be ruled out.

  • Natura preliminary assessment is a part of SEA/EIA preliminary assessment (EIAEMSA § 6 subsection 3 clause 41 and § subsection 1 clause 4)
  • When SEA or EIA is obligatory (according to EIAEMSA), a SEA/EIA proceeding is started without justification. In this case, Natura assessment need is determined in the SEA/EIA program compiling stage, at the latest.

The Decider carries out Natura preliminary assessment in the SEA/EIA proceedings necessity evaluation stage. The Decider can order the Natura preliminary assessment from an environmental impact assessment expert.

During the Natura assessment process, it might be necessary to carry out additional inventories. Hendrikson & Ko carries out geobotanical inventories (plant, vegetation inventories).

Natura appropriate assessment

In Estonia, Natura appropriate assessment must be carried out, according to EIAEMSA or in the SEA/EIA process, if preliminary assessment leaves any doubt of negative impacts.

The goal of Natura appropriate assessment is to evaluate, in detail, possibly considerable negative impacts identified during the Natura preliminary assessment. Appropriate assessment is carried out by taking account protection plans, structure and function of the area to assure achieving the goals in the protection plans despite the planned development. Also, mitigation measures compiling is necessary to assure achieving the goals in the protection plans.

Appropriate assessment is carried out in the EIA/SEA report compilation stage (according to EIAEMSA). Results are presented as a separate section in SEA/EIA report.

During the Natura assessment process, it might be necessary to carry out additional inventories. Hendrikson & Ko carries out geobotanical inventories (plant, vegetation inventories).

References:

  • Expert opinion of Limandu amelioration system 07/2012-08/2012
  • Preliminary assessment of Tornimäe detailed plan 05/2012-05/2012
  • Strategic environmental assessment of Kikepera training field development plan 03/2011-01/2012
  • Natura assessment of Liivapealse site in Tapurla village, Kuusalu municipality 05/2011-05/2011
  • Strategic environmental assessment of „Estonian forestry development plan until 2020″ 04/2010- 12/2010
  • Strategic environmental impact assessment of „Perspective Development Plan for the Transportation of Passengers and Cargo Across the Suur Trait” 08/2008-01/2012
  • Strategic environmental assessment of light traffic thematic plan for Rapla county 10/2010-12/2010
  • Strategic environmental assessment of light traffic thematic plan for Harju county 10/2010-12/2010
  • Strategic environmental assessment of „ Recreational planning of Nõmme-Mustamäe landscape protection area”
  • Natura 2000 expert opinion of Rukkisaare III site detailed plan 07/2009-08/2009
  • Strategic environmental assessment of Ida-Viru thematic plan “Specification of the road corridor for E20 Jõhvi–Narva section and for Narva bypass” – 06/2009
  • Strategic environmental assessment of highway E67 (Via Baltic) thematic plan „Specification of route corridor” 10/2009 – ongoing
  • Strategic environmental assessment of detailed plan for Vanaveski site and surrounding area in Orajõe village, Häädemeeste municipality 07/2008 – 08/2009
  • Environmental impact assessment of Ihaste light traffic road construction 03/2007 – 10/2008
  • Strategic environmental assessment of detailed plan for Kalda site in Kärevere village, Laeva municipality 09/2006 – 10/2008

Experts from Hendrikson & Ko are participating in a compiling process of a Natura assessment guidance material “Instructions for Natura assessment implementation in Estonia, according to Habitats Directive article 6 subsection 3”. This was done with cooperation with MTÜ Eesti Keskkonnamõju Hindajate Ühing and Environmental Board.

Contact Persons: